Hosp Top. 2021 Apr 1:1-11. doi: 10.1080/00185868.2021.1902758. Online ahead of print.
This study compares healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) prevalence and antimicrobial consumption (AMC) from surveys conducted in 2016 and 2019 in an Italian hospital for acute care. HAIs prevalence was 7.1% in both surveys, while patients were under antibiotic treatment slightly increased from 2016 to 2019, from 42.6% to 43.7%, respectively. In the survey of 2016, HAIs risk factors were fatal McCabe score and hospitalization longer than two weeks, while CVC and urinary catheter in that conducted in 2019. In both surveys, CVC and peripheral venous catheter resulted associated to AMC. HAIs and AMC remained stable although the hospital undergone a complexity reduction in the second survey, remarking that critical actions are strictly required implementing infection control practices and antimicrobial stewardship.