High incidence of bloodstream infection detected by surveillance blood cultures in hematology patients on corticosteroid therapy.

Support Care Cancer. 2012 Aug 9. [Epub ahead of print]

High incidence of bloodstream infection detected by surveillance blood cultures in hematology patients on corticosteroid therapy.

Joosten A, Maertens J, Verhaegen J, Lodewyck T, Vermeulen E, Lagrou K.

Source

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of «occult» bacteremia/fungemia as well as the diversity of pathogens involved in hematology patients treated with corticosteroids.

METHODS:

Daily surveillance blood cultures were taken from patients treated with corticosteroids as part of their intensive chemotherapy or during graft-versus-host disease following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation during a 3-year period (2006-2009). We reviewed the frequency of occult bacteremia/fungemia as well as the pathogens involved.

RESULTS:

During the 3-year period, 3,821 bottles were cultured from 215 patients and 4.9 % of the bottles tested were positive. Surveillance blood cultures revealed bloodstream infection in 24 % of the patients (definite bloodstream infection in 16 %). Seventy-five percent of patients were still afebrile when microorganisms were detected. The main risk group was acute lymphocytic leukemia patients undergoing remission induction chemotherapy. The pathogens cultured most frequently were coagulase-negative staphylococci, enterococci, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

CONCLUSIONS:

A high incidence of occult bacteremia was detected by surveillance blood cultures. Further studies are needed to evaluate if a strategy based on surveillance blood cultures can reduce mortality related to bloodstream infections.

PMID:
22875415
[PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
 

Deja un comentario

Este sitio usa Akismet para reducir el spam. Aprende cómo se procesan los datos de tus comentarios.