Oxf Med Case Reports. 2021 Mar 8;2021(3):omaa147. doi: 10.1093/omcr/omaa147. eCollection 2021 Mar.
We report a case of advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection with multiple opportunistic infections (Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, cryptosporidiosis, oesophagal candidiasis and cytomegalovirus infection). The patient was presumed to be adherent on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and was initiated on respective treatments for the opportunistic infections but continued to deteriorate. On further reviewing, he was found to be poorly adherent to ART and was advised enhanced adherence counselling after which his condition improved. We report this case to emphasize the importance of adherence to ART medications in the management of patients with HIV.