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Identification of a novel conjugative plasmid carrying the multiresistance gene cfr in Proteus vulgaris isolated from swine origin in China.

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Identification of a novel conjugative plasmid carrying the multiresistance gene cfr in Proteus vulgaris isolated from swine origin in China.

Plasmid. 2019 Sep 06;:102440

Authors: Zhang Y, Lei CW, Wang HN

Abstract
The multiresistance gene cfr has a broad host range encompassing both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and can be located on the chromosomes or on plasmids. In this study, a novel conjugative plasmid carrying cfr, designated as pPvSC3, was characterized in a Proteus vulgaris strain isolated from swine in China. Plasmid pPvSC3 is 284,528 bp in size and harbors 10 other antimicrobial resistance genes, making it a novel plasmid that differs from all known plasmids due to its unique backbone and repA gene. BLAST analysis of the plasmid sequence shows no significant homology to any known plasmid backbone, but shows high level homology to Providencia rettgeri strain CCBH11880 Contig_9, a strain isolated from surgical wound in Brazil, 2014. There are two resistance-determining regions in pPvSC3, a cfr-containing region and a multidrug-resistant (MDR) region. The cfr-containing region is flanked by IS26, which could be looped out via IS26-mediated recombination. The MDR region harbors 10 antimicrobial resistance genes carried by various DNA segments that originated from various sources. Plasmid pPvSC3 could be successfully transferred to Escherichia coli by conjugation. In summary, we have characterized a novel conjugative plasmid pPvSC3 carrying the multiresistance gene cfr and 10 other antimicrobial resistance genes, and consider that this novel type of plasmid deserves attention.

PMID: 31499097 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]