Identification of mutations conferring streptomycin resistance in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis of China.

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Identification of mutations conferring streptomycin resistance in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis of China.

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2015 Jul 2;

Authors: Zhao LL, Liu HC, Sun Q, Xiao TY, Zhao XQ, Li GL, Zeng CY, Wan KL

Abstract
We investigated the spectrum and frequency of mutations in rpsL, rrs, and gidB among 140 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) clinical isolates from China. The association between mutations and different genotypes was also analyzed. Our data revealed that 65.7% of MDR-TB were resistant to streptomycin (STR), and 90.2% of STR-resistant isolates were Beijing strains. STR resistance was correlated with Beijing family (P=0.00). Compared with phenotypic data, detection of mutations for the combination of these 3 genes exhibited 94.6% sensitivity, 91.7% specificity, and 93.6% accuracy. The most common mutations in STR-resistant isolates were rpsL128, 262, and rrs514, of which rpsL128 showed association with Beijing lineage (P=0.00). A combination of these 3 mutations can serve as the reliable predictors for STR resistance, showing the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 85.9%, 97.9%, and 90.0%, respectively. Furthermore, gidBA276C, not A615G, was Beijing lineage specific. These findings are useful to develop rapid molecular diagnostic methods for STR resistance in China.

PMID: 26254141 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]