Future Healthc J. 2021 Mar;8(1):e92-e95. doi: 10.7861/fhj.2019-0042.
INTRODUCTION: The rising prevalence of multi-resistant organisms threatens the efficacy of current antimicrobial treatments. Antibiotic stewardship is a key factor in slowing the development of resistance and must become part of a clinician's regular practice. National guidance unanimously emphasises the importance of a 48-hour review of antimicrobial prescriptions. We assessed the compliance of antibiotic reviews across two sites in Wales.
METHOD: Two cycles of data were retrospectively collected across two teaching hospitals in Wales prior and following introduction of an antimicrobial alert sticker. A univariate odds ratio for 48-hour referral stratified by C-reactive protein (CRP) was calculated in a logistic regression model for the cycle one data.
RESULTS: One-hundred and thirty-nine patients were included in the cycle 1 data across both sites. We identified that patients with a CRP ≤100 mg/L (a marker of less severe infection) were less likely to have their antibiotic prescription reviewed by 48 hours.
DISCUSSION: Patients with CRP ≤100 mg/L were less likely to receive a 48-hour review of their antimicrobial prescription. Compliance with review improved following introduction of a simple alert measure.