Implementing outpatient antimicrobial stewardship in a primary care office through ambulatory care pharmacist-led audit and feedback.
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2020 Aug 26;:
Authors: Burns KW, Johnson KM, Pham SN, Egwuatu NE, Dumkow LE
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the impact of a pharmacist-led antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) intervention on outpatient antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory tract infections (URIs) and urinary tract infections (UTIs) in a primary care office. The primary outcome of this study was to characterize antibiotic prescribing over time. Secondary outcomes included describing ambulatory care pharmacist (ACP) workload and types of feedback given.
METHODS: A retrospective pilot study was conducted within a primary care office. The office included a 0.6 full-time equivalent ACP and is part of a health system supported by a pharmacist and a physician co-led ASP. Education and guidelines were provided by the ACP and ASP leads before the intervention period August 2017-February 2018. The ACP provided bi-weekly audit of all URI and UTI prescriptions and written feedback to prescribers.
RESULTS: During the 7-month intervention period, 1107 prescriptions were audited by the ACP, 825 URI and 282 UTI. The most common reasons for feedback included inappropriate agent (26.3%) or prolonged duration of therapy (24.3%). Guideline-concordant agent prescribed for a UTI increased from 20% at baseline to a median of 69.2%, whereas duration increased from 55% to 70.4%. Guideline-concordant agent prescribed for a URI increased from 43.3% to 86.8%, whereas the median duration of therapy decreased from 10 to 7 days.
CONCLUSION: An ACP-led ASP intervention within a primary care office incorporating audit and feedback improved antibiotic prescribing for URIs and UTIs, including prescribing antibiotics when indicated, guideline-concordant antibiotic selection, and duration of therapy. Pharmacists practicing in ambulatory care settings may serve a vital role in leading successful outpatient ASP interventions.
PMID: 32861616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]