Improving the antimicrobial efficacy against resistant Staphylococcus aureus by a combined use of conjugated oligoelectrolytes.

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Improving the antimicrobial efficacy against resistant Staphylococcus aureus by a combined use of conjugated oligoelectrolytes.

PLoS One. 2019;14(11):e0224816

Authors: Bazan EL, Ruan L, Zhou C

Abstract
Two membrane-intercalating conjugated oligoelectrolytes (COEs), namely COE-D8 and COE-S6, were combined to achieve enhanced antimicrobial efficacy. COE-D8 has a shorter molecular length than COE-S6 and is typical of effective antimicrobial COE molecules, presumably due to its prominent membrane disrupting function. In contrast, COE-D6 exhibits lower efficacy against bacteria and lower toxicity toward mammalian cells. Surprisingly, after supplementing 8 μM COE-S6, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of COE-D8 against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was improved 8-fold, from 0.5 μM to 0.063 μM (0.050 μg mL-1). No increased toxicity toward mammalian cells was observed by the combination of COEs, as indicated by cytotoxicity measurements using the 3T3 cell line. Indeed, there is an extended ratio between the half maximal inhibitory concentration based on 3T3 cells to MIC against MRSA from 12 to greater than 256. Biophysical experiments using liposome models suggest that COE-S6 promotes the interactions between COE-D8 and lipid bilayers, which is in agreement with damages of cellular permeability and morphology, as observed by confocal microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The application of a combined mixture of COEs further demonstrates their promising potential as a new class of antimicrobial agents with high efficacy and selectivity.

PMID: 31730663 [PubMed - in process]