In vitro activity of ceftaroline and other antimicrobial agents against Gram positive bacterial isolates: Descriptive study from a university hospital

Indian J Med Microbiol. 2021 Sep 1:S0255-0857(21)04182-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmmb.2021.08.003. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Ceftaroline is a novel antibiotic approved by USA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP). It has potent in vitro activity against Staphylococci, including methicillin-resistant strains, whose incidence is increasing worldwide and they are often difficult to treat. The present study was done to investigate the susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (MR-CoNS) to ceftaroline and other antimicrobial agents in patient samples and to evaluate clinical profile of these patients.

METHODS: All consecutive, nonduplicate isolates of MRSA and MR-CoNS recovered from patient samples between June 2020 to December 2020 were included in the study. Species identification was done by Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectromtery (MALDI-TOF-MS) (BioMérieux, France). Antimicrobial sensitivity of ceftaroline and other comparator antimicrobials was done as per the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI, 2020). Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM-SPSS) software (Version 25) was used for statistical study.

RESULTS: Total 134 clinical isolates of the study consisted of MR-CoNS (115 isolates; 85.8%) and MRSA (19 isolates; 14.2%).89.5% MRSA isolates were sensitive to ceftaroline. 44.3% and 32.2% MR-CoNS isolates had ceftaroline MIC ≤1 ​μg/ml and MIC ​= ​2-4 ​μg/ml respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Ceftaroline exhibited potent in vitro activity against both MRSA and MR-CoNS in the study.

PMID:34481692 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijmmb.2021.08.003