In vitro activity of ceftazidime/avibactam against isolates of carbapenem-non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae collected during the INFORM global surveillance programme (2015-17).

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In vitro activity of ceftazidime/avibactam against isolates of carbapenem-non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae collected during the INFORM global surveillance programme (2015-17).

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2019 Nov 19;:

Authors: Spiliopoulou I, Kazmierczak K, Stone GG

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To report data for ceftazidime/avibactam and comparators against meropenem-non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae collected globally (excluding centres in the USA) from 2015 to 2017 as part of the International Network For Optimal Resistance Monitoring (INFORM) surveillance programme.
METHODS: MICs and susceptibility were determined using EUCAST broth microdilution methodology and EUCAST breakpoints. Isolates were screened to detect genes encoding β-lactamases using multiplex PCR assays. MBL-positive isolates were those in which one or more of the IMP, VIM and/or NDM genes were detected.
RESULTS: A total of 1460 meropenem-non-susceptible isolates were collected and, of the agents on the panel, susceptibility was highest to ceftazidime/avibactam, colistin and tigecycline [73.0%, 77.0% (1081/1403) and 78.1%, respectively]. Ceftazidime/avibactam was not active against MBL-positive isolates (n = 367); these isolates showed the highest rates of susceptibility to colistin (92.1%, 303/329), tigecycline (71.9%) and amikacin (46.6%). A total of 394 isolates were resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam and, of the 369 isolates that were screened, 98.4% were found to carry a gene encoding an MBL enzyme. Among isolates that were identified as carbapenemase positive and MBL negative (n = 910), susceptibility was highest to ceftazidime/avibactam (99.8%). Susceptibility was also highest to ceftazidime/avibactam among isolates that were carbapenemase negative and MBL negative (94/98, 95.9%).
CONCLUSIONS: These data highlight the need for continued surveillance of antimicrobial activity as well as the need for new antimicrobials to treat infections caused by meropenem-non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae, for which the options are extremely limited.

PMID: 31742604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]