In vitro activity of ceftazidime/avibactam against isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa collected in European countries: INFORM global surveillance 2012-15.

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In vitro activity of ceftazidime/avibactam against isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa collected in European countries: INFORM global surveillance 2012-15.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018 Jul 11;:

Authors: Kazmierczak KM, de Jonge BLM, Stone GG, Sahm DF

Abstract
Objectives: The activity of ceftazidime/avibactam was assessed against 5716 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates collected from 96 medical centres in 18 European countries as part of the International Network for Optimal Resistance Monitoring (INFORM) global surveillance programme from 2012 to 2015. Activity was analysed against subsets of isolates based on resistance phenotypes and β-lactamase content.
Methods: Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by broth microdilution and β-lactamase genes were detected by PCR screening and sequencing.
Results: Ceftazidime/avibactam was highly active in vitro against the overall collection of P. aeruginosa isolates and colistin-resistant isolates (92.4% and 92.9% susceptible, respectively). Although activity was slightly reduced against MBL-negative subsets of ceftazidime-non-susceptible (79.6% susceptible), meropenem-non-susceptible (85.1% susceptible) and MDR (81.6% susceptible) P. aeruginosa, ceftazidime/avibactam remained the second most active entity, after colistin, compared with all other comparator agents tested. At the country level, susceptibility to ceftazidime/avibactam ranged from 74.6% to 99.6%, with decreased susceptibilities only observed in countries where MBLs are more frequently encountered, such as the Czech Republic, Greece, Romania and Russia. Ceftazidime/avibactam was also active in vitro against 87.6% of meropenem-non-susceptible isolates in which no acquired β-lactamases were detected by molecular methods; these isolates were assumed to hyperproduce the chromosomally encoded AmpC in combination with alterations in OprD or drug efflux. As expected, ceftazidime/avibactam was not active against isolates carrying MBLs.
Conclusions: The data show that ceftazidime/avibactam is highly potent in vitro against clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa collected in European countries, including isolates that exhibit resistance to ceftazidime, meropenem and colistin and combined resistance to agents from multiple drug classes.

PMID: 30010951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]