[In vitro activity of ceftazidime-avibactam combined with colistin against extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa].

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[In vitro activity of ceftazidime-avibactam combined with colistin against extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2019 Oct;31(10):1212-1218

Authors: Mei Q, Geng S, Fang X, He Y, Liu L, Xu M, Zhu C, Pan A

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the in vitro activity of ceftazidime-avibactam (CAZ-AVI) alone or in combination with colistin (COL) against clinically isolated extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (XDR-PA).
METHODS: Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 16 clinical XDR-PA isolates was determined by broth dilution method and chessboard design when CAZ-AVI and COL were used alone or in combination, then the combined inhibitory concentration index (FICI) was calculated. Class A [Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase β-lactamase (blaKPC), Guiana extended-spectrum β-lactamase (blaGES)], Class B [imipenemase β-lactamase (blaIMP), Verona-Integronmetallo β-lactamase (blaVIM), New Delhi metallo β-lactamase (blaNDM), German imipenemase β-lactamase (blaGIM), Sao Paulo metallo-β-lactamase (blaSPM)], Class C [AmpC β-lactamase (blaAmpC)], Class D [oxacillinase β-lactamase (blaOXA)] β-lactamase-related resistance genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Drug-resistant mutation frequencies of each strain were determined on a drug-containing plate. The time kill curves of three XDR-PA were plotted by colony counting method. A biofilm model was established in vitro, and the synergistic effect of CAZ-AVI and COL on biofilm inhibition was detected by methythiazolyl tetrazolium assay (MTT).
RESULTS: The MICs of 16 XDR-PA for CAZ-AVI ranged from 1 mg/L to 128 mg/L, and three of the isolates showed resistance (MIC > 8 mg/L). The FICI range of CAZ-AVI combined with COL was 0.312-1.000. Four isolates were synergistic, while the other 12 isolates were additive. Three isolates resistant to CAZ-AVI contained Class B resistance genes such as blaIMP and blaVIM, while 13 susceptible isolates carried resistance genes belonging to Class A, C or D. The logarithm values of mutation frequencies of drug resistance in CAZ-AVI group, COL group and combination group were -4.81±0.88, -7.06±0.69 and -9.70 (-9.78, -9.53), respectively. There were significant differences among the three groups (H = 33.601, P < 0.001), and between every two groups (adjusted P < 0.05). In time kill curves, the phytoplankton load of three XDR-PA decreased more than 6 log CFU/L when these two drugs were used together, and number of PA1819 planktonic bacteria decreased more than 5.1 log CFU/L compared with monotherapy group. Viable quantity in biofilm (A490) of normal saline group, CAZ-AVI group, COL group and CAZ-AVI-COL group were 0.665±0.068, 0.540±0.072, 0.494±0.642 and 0.317±0.080, respectively. There was significant difference between the other two groups (all P < 0.001), except for that between CAZ-AVI group and COL group (P = 0.109).
CONCLUSIONS: CAZ-AVI combined with COL can effectively improve the bactericidal effect of each drug alone on XDR-PA. The regimen can also reduce the production of drug-resistant bacteria and inhibit the formation of biofilm. Therefore, it is a potential treatment for XDR-PA infection.

PMID: 31771717 [PubMed - in process]