In vitro activity of imipenem/relebactam against Gram-negative clinical isolates in two Spanish tertiary hospitals

Rev Esp Quimioter. 2021 Oct 13:candel13oct2021. doi: 10.37201/req/102.2021. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the activity of the imipenem-relebactam combination (IMI/REL) against a collection of multidrug-resist Enterobacterales, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates.

METHODS: The study was conducted in two tertiary hospitals in Spain and included 192 clinical isolates of these 3 genera (139 resistant and 53 susceptible to IMI). The MICs for IMI with and without REL (at a fixed concentration of 4 mg/L) were determined by a standard broth microdilution method according to international recommendations.

RESULTS: All IMI-susceptible E. coli strains were also susceptible to IMI/REL. Enterobacterales resistant to IMI due to the production of carbapenemases, the MIC50 and MIC90 decreased from 64/256 with IMI to 8/64 mg/L with IMI/REL. This high activity was principally detected among isolates with KPC enzymes. Enterobacterales with class B carbapenemases, P. aeruginosa carrying VIM carbapenemase and A. baumannii strains showed no changes on IMI MIC50 or MIC90 after adding REL. Among P. aeruginosa strains without carbapenemase the MIC for IMI/REL was reduced between 1 to 5 dilutions.

CONCLUSIONS: IMI/REL showed high activity against the strains that carry Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) and against carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa unrelated to the VIM enzyme, mainly AmpC beta lactamase associated with impermeability. Against strains carrying oxacillinase 48 (OXA-48) associated with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL), IMI/REL presented activity only slightly better than IMI and had no beneficial effect superior to IMI against A. baumannii.

PMID:34636220 | DOI:10.37201/req/102.2021