In Vitro Activity of Ravuconazole Against Candida auris and Vaginal Candida Isolates

Mycoses. 2021 Feb 20. doi: 10.1111/myc.13260. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Ravuconazole is an extended-spectrum triazole agent that is efficient in vitro against Candida spp. and has been approved to work as an oral formulae for onychomycosis in Japan in 2018. However, nobody had determined the MIC of ravuconazole against the Candida auris, which is known as an emerging multidrug-resistant yeast. Meanwhile, rare is known of the in vitro activity of ravuconazole against vaginal Candida isolates.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the activity of ravuconazole against C. auris and vaginal Candida isolates of China and assess the feasibility of ravuconazole in the treatment of candidiasis caused by C. auris and other Candida spp..

METHODS: We determined the in vitro activity of ravuconazole and 9 comparators against 15 C. auris isolates and determined the MIC of ravuconazole on 525 vaginal Candida isolates (Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata and Candida parapsilosis) from 9 provinces of China by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) methodology.

RESULTS: The MICs of fluconazole and amphotericin B on C. auris were much higher than second-generation azoles and echinocandins. Ravuconazole was active against all the C. auris isolates and as effective as isavuconazole, posaconazole and echinocandins while showed a better antifungal activity than itraconazole, voriconazole to C. auris. For vaginal Candida isolates, the proportion of ravuconazole-resistant isolates is 0.19 % (1/525).

CONCLUSIONS: Ravuconazole was in good active against C. auris and vaginal Candida isolates, which suggested ravuconazole could be used in the treatment of drug-resistant candidiasis.

PMID:33609301 | DOI:10.1111/myc.13260