In vitro fosfomycin study on concordance of susceptibility testing methods against ESBL and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.

In vitro fosfomycin study on concordance of susceptibility testing methods against ESBL and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.

J Glob Antimicrob Resist. 2020 Oct 09;:

Authors: Aprile A, Scalia G, Stefani S, Mezzatesta ML

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The increasing emergence and diffusion of multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria, both in hospital and community settings, are inducing clinicians to reconsider old antibiotics, such as fosfomycin, to overcome the difficulties posed by these microorganisms. Recent studies reported the good in vitro activity of fosfomycin against ESBL and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro activity of fosfomycin by different methods against 120 clinical MDR isolates.
METHODS: Fosfomycin MICs were determined by using the Agar Dilution reference method (AD), Gradient-test (GT), broth microdilution method (BMD), according to CLSI recommendations, and automated systems (VITEK 2 and BD Phoenix) against 85 carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and 35 ESBL-producing Escherichia coli. Agreement and discrepancies between the evaluated methods and the reference method were calculated.
RESULTS: Fosfomycin showed very good activity against ESBL-producing E.coli (88.6%). Excellent agreement (100%) between the three (AD, BMD and GT) susceptibility methods was found for E. coli. No major errors were observed. The fosfomycin resistance rate ranged from 24% (KPC-producing) to 100% (NDM-OXA-48 co-producing) K.pneumoniae. For all carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains, categorical agreement was >90% for all methods except for Vitek2, which was 84%.
CONCLUSIONS: When ESBL E. coli isolates are found to be susceptible to fosfomycin with automated systems, it is not necessary to verify these results with the AD reference method; while for resistant strains, the gradient test can be used. In cases of KPC K.pneumoniae resistant to fosfomycin, the agar dilution method is the only reference method.

PMID: 33045444 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]