Incidence of CMV Replication and the Role of Letermovir Primary/Secondary Prophylaxis in the Early Phase After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation – A Single Centre Study

Anticancer Res. 2020 Oct;40(10):5909-5917. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.14611.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication may cause life-threatening complications after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The aim of the study was to characterize CMV events, and the outcome of letermovir (LTV) CMV prophylaxis.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis of patients treated with an allo-HSCT between 2010 and 2020, we determined plasma CMV events, as well as associated risk factors.

RESULTS: We identified 423 patients who had undergone allo-HSCT between 2010 and 2020. CMV DNAemia was found in 130/423 (30.7%) of patients. CMV reactivation rate was significantly higher in patients with acute graft-versus-host disease, HLA mismatch, and CMV IgG seropositivity of donors and recipients. Among 42 patients receiving LTV prophylaxis those, 5 (11.9%) showed CMV DNAemia under LTV versus 87/353 (24.6%) in a control group.

CONCLUSION: Despite the development of better approaches with weekly monitoring and early treatment initiation, CMV reactivations play an important role after allo-HSCT.

PMID:32988922 | DOI:10.21873/anticanres.14611