Infantile orbital abscess: clinical presentation, microbiological profile, and management outcomes

Orbit. 2021 May 11:1-7. doi: 10.1080/01676830.2021.1920040. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Orbital abscesses in children are not uncommon. Unless managed in a timely fashion, they can potentially lead to vision-threatening as well as life-threatening complications. The objective of this study is to report the clinical and microbiological profile and management outcomes in infants presenting with orbital abscesses.Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of electronic medical records of children younger than 1 year with a diagnosis of an orbital abscess was done. The data was collected from a time period of 12 years (2007-2019). The data collected included mode of presentation, radiological, microbiological and histopathological features, and the final outcome.Results: A total of nine patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean age at presentation was 19 weeks. Three patients had upper respiratory tract infection, one had a congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, two had sinusitis, and one patient had neonatal sepsis. All patients underwent imaging following which abscess drainage was performed. Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus was the most common organism, which was isolated in five patients, Methicillin-resistant S. aureus was isolated in three, while one patient had Entomophthorales fungal infection. The median follow-up period was 10 months (range 5 days to 89 months). There was no recurrence in the cohort. At least one patient had visual impairment at the last follow up.Conclusion: Orbital abscesses in infants are rare. Imaging and prompt drainage of the abscess supplemented by appropriate antimicrobial regimen leads to a successful outcome.

PMID:33973830 | DOI:10.1080/01676830.2021.1920040