Inhibitory effect of bound polyphenol from foxtail millet bran on miR-149 methylation increases the chemosensitivity of human colorectal cancer HCT-8/Fu cells.
Mol Cell Biochem. 2020 Oct 03;:
Authors: Shan S, Lu Y, Zhang X, Shi J, Li H, Li Z
Nature polyphenols widely present in plants and foods are promising candidates in cancer chemotherapy. Emerging evidence has shown that plant polyphenols regulate the expression of miRNAs to exert the anti-Multidrug resistance (MDR) activity, which partly attributes to their regulation on miRNAs methylation. Our previous study found that bound polyphenol from foxtail millet bran (BPIS) had potential as an anti-MDR agent for colorectal cancer (CRC), but its mechanism remains unclear. The present findings demonstrated that BPIS upregulated the expression of miR-149 by reducing the methylation of its CpG islands, which subsequently induced the cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase, resulting in enhancing the chemo-sensitivity of HCT-8/Fu cells. Mechanically, BPIS and its active components (FA and p-CA) reduced miR-149 methylation by inhibiting the expression levels of DNA methyltransferases, promoting a remarkable increase of miR-149 expression. Further, the increased miR-149 induced cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase by inhibiting the expression of Akt, Cyclin B1 and CDK1, thus increasing the chemosensitivity of HCT-8/Fu cells. Additionally, a strong inducer of DNA de-methylation (5-aza-dc) treatment markedly increased the chemosensitivity of CRC through elevating miR-149 expression, which indicates the hypermethylation of miR-149 may be the key cause of drug resistance in CRC. The study indicates that the enhanced chemosensitivity of BPIS on CRC is mainly attributed to the increase of miR-149 expression induced by methylation inhibition.
PMID: 33011952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]