Intravenous colistin use for infections due to MDR Gram-negative bacilli in critically ill paediatric patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2019 May 02;:
Authors: Karageorgos SA, Bassiri H, Siakallis G, Miligkos M, Tsioutis C
BACKGROUND: Data are limited regarding the clinical effectiveness and safety of intravenous colistin for treatment of infections due to MDR Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) in paediatric ICUs (PICUs).
METHODS: Systematic review of intravenous colistin use in critically ill paediatric patients with MDR-GNB infection in PubMed, Scopus and EMBASE (up to 31 January 2018).
RESULTS: Out of 1181 citations, 7 studies were included on the use of intravenous colistin for 405 patients in PICUs. The majority of patients were diagnosed with lower respiratory tract infections, Acinetobacter baumannii being the predominant pathogen. Colistin dosages ranged between 2.6 and 18 mg/kg/day, with only one case reporting a loading dose. Emergence of colistin resistance during treatment was reported in two cases. Nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity were reported in 6.1% and 0.5%, respectively, but concomitant medications and severe underlying illness limited our ability to definitively associate use of colistin with nephrotoxicity. Crude mortality was 29.5% (95% CI = 21.7%-38.1%), whereas infection-related mortality was 16.6% (95% CI = 12.2%-21.5%).
CONCLUSIONS: While the reported incidence of adverse events related to colistin was low, reported mortality rates for infections due to MDR-GNB in PICUs were notable. In addition to severity of disease and comorbidities, inadequate daily dosage and the absence of a loading dose may have contributed to mortality. As the use of colistin for treatment of MDR-GNB infections increases, it is imperative to understand whether optimal dosing of colistin in paediatric patients differs across different age groups. Thus, future studies to establish the pharmacokinetic properties of colistin in different paediatric settings are warranted.
PMID: 31049586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]