Invasive Mucormycosis Involving the Laryngopharynx After Bone Marrow Transplantation

J Craniofac Surg. 2021 Sep 17. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000008167. Online ahead of print.


Invasive larynx or pharyngeal fungal infections are rare. We report an invasive fungal laryngopharyngitis patient who complained of a persistent sore throat after an allogenic bone marrow transplant and a haploidentical stem cell transplant. An antifungal gargle was used after finding necrotic changes extending from the right soft palate to the aryepiglottic fold. Biopsy and culture suggested a fungal infection with suspicious mucormycosis. Imaging showed the right oropharynx, supraglottis, and the parapharnygeal space were involved. After initiating liposomal amphotericin B for 4 days, wide excisional debridement, and a partial pharyngectomy with an anterolateral thigh free flap including the deep fascia were performed. Amphotericin B and posaconazole were used subsequently. Pathology assessment indicated invasive mucormycosis. There was no recurrence for 9 months. Mucormycosis is a fatal opportunistic infection often seen in immunocompromised patients. Rapid detection, radical resection, and reconstruction can save the patient from a life-threatening fungal infection of the laryngopharynx.

PMID:34538798 | DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000008167