North Clin Istanb. 2021 Mar 10;8(2):113-118. doi: 10.14744/nci.2020.14238. eCollection 2021.
OBJECTIVE: Klebsiella pneumoniae, a Gram-negative pathogen, especially which produces carbapenemase, is seen as a major threat to public health due to rapid plasmid-mediated spread of resistance and limited therapeutic options available for treatment. Although colistin has been recognized as a "last resort" antimicrobial for multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae infections, these isolates have developed resistance to colistin as a result of its intensive use. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of double-carbapenem treatment of colistin-resistant K. pneumoniae experimental sepsis in mice.
METHODS: In the study, 8-10-week-old Balb-c mice were divided as control groups (positive and negative) and treatment groups (colistin, ertapenem+meropenem, and ertapenem+meropenem+colistin). Sepsis was developed in mice by an intraperitoneal injection of colistin resistant K. pneumoniae. Antibiotics were given intraperitoneally 3 h after bacterial inoculation. Mice in each subgroup were sacrificed with overdose anesthetic at the end of 24-48 h and cultures were made from the heart, lung, liver, and spleen. Furthermore, homogenates of lung and liver were used to detect the number of colony-forming units per gram. Bacterial clearance was evaluated in lung and liver at different time points.
RESULTS: When the quantitative bacterial loads in the lung and liver tissues are evaluated, no statistically significant difference was observed between different antibiotic treatments (p>0.05). All three treatment options were not effective, especially in 24 h. Only the decrease in bacterial load at the 48th h of the group treated with ertapenem + meropenem + colistin was found significant (p<0.05) compared to the 24 h.
CONCLUSION: In the light of these data, it was understood that double-carbapenem application was not sufficient in the treatment of experimental sepsis in mice with colistin-resistant K. pneumoniae. Furthermore, ertapenem + meropenem + colistin combined therapy was not found to be superior to colistin monotherapy or double-carbapenem therapy.