Is blaCTX-M-1 Riding the Same Plasmid Among Horses in Sweden and France?

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Is blaCTX-M-1 Riding the Same Plasmid Among Horses in Sweden and France?

Microb Drug Resist. 2018 May 24;:

Authors: Lupo A, Haenni M, Saras E, Gradin J, Madec JY, Börjesson S

Abstract
A predominance of the blaCTX-M-1/IncHI1 plasmid combination in horses has been reported in Czech-Republic, Denmark, and The Netherlands. To clarify a possible specific plasmid epidemiology of blaCTX-M-1 in horses in a European perspective, a collection of 74 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli recovered from diseased horses in France and Sweden during the period 2009-2014 was investigated in respect of their genetic relatedness, plasmid content, and molecular features. Overall, 80% of E. coli isolates from diseased horses harbored blaCTX-M-1 on large IncHI1 plasmids with plasmid sequence type (pST) 2 and pST9 more prevalent in Sweden and France, respectively. In French isolates, IncI1/pST3 plasmids were also identified. The CTX-M-1-producing E. coli belonged principally to the clonal complex 10. ST641, together with its single locus variant, and ST1730 constituted two other major groups. The rep-PCR clustering highlighted a clonal dissemination of E. coli CTX-M-1 producers in different regions of the same country and during several years. The STs found in our isolates were also reported in The Netherlands, suggesting a common source of contamination in Europe, although only further cooperative investigation will clarify this issue. On the other hand, the spread of IncI1/pST3 plasmids among horses constitutes another worrisome issue considering their successful spread in other animal hosts such as chicken or bovines. Monitoring evolution and propagation of antimicrobial resistance in equine environment is a priority to avoid further propagation of antimicrobial resistance mechanisms threatening human and animal health.

PMID: 29792781 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]