Is the education of human and animal healthcare professionals about antimicrobial resistance and stewardship adequate during their pre-service training?

Indian J Med Microbiol. 2021 Sep 9:S0255-0857(21)04637-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmmb.2021.08.458. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This paper explores inclusion of topics on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) in pre-service human and animal healthcare professional curricula as mandated in the first strategic objective of National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance.

METHODS: Online versions of pre-service medical [Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)], dental [Bachelor of dental sciences (BDS)], pharmacy [Bachelor of Pharmacy (B Pharm)], veterinary [Bachelor of veterinary science and animal husbandry (B.V.Sc. & A.H.)] and post graduate medical [Doctor of medicine (MD), Master of surgery (MS) and post graduate (PG) medical diploma courses] curricula and hardcopy of nursing (Bachelor of science (BSc) Nursing-Basic) curricula were assessed. Validated search terms were used for identifying individual learning topics, domains of learning and number of hours of learning related to AMS and AMR. Recent edition of commonly referred medical textbooks were manually checked for inclusion of chapters or separate sections on AMR and AMS.

RESULTS: Low coverage and poor depth with no mention of required duration of learning for AMR and AMS was observed across the majority of curricula. MS, BDS, B Pharm and BSc nursing curricula did not include AMR and AMS. Out of twenty-three textbooks assessed, only six textbooks included AMS. Gynecology, Obstetrics, Orthopedic and Surgery textbooks did not include separate section on AMR or AMS.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study documented inadequate inclusion of AMR and AMS in pre-service medical, dental, nursing, pharmacy and veterinary curricula and post graduate medical curriculum. Standardized education regarding AMR and AMS in multi-professional curricula by educational councils across sectors and updating of medical textbooks of all the subjects by authors/publishers for adequate emphasis on these topics is urgently needed for success of 'One health' in combating AMR.

PMID:34511310 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijmmb.2021.08.458