Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2021 Mar 11. doi: 10.1007/s00449-021-02544-4. Online ahead of print.
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogenic bacteria have become dangerous in bringing sporadic outbreaks in public health and nosocomial spreads from the addition of antibacterials/antibiotics continually. Obviously, the pharmacy world is in search of antibacterials that would be invincible by the evolved bacteria. Green synthesis of gold-nanoparticles (AuNps) was focused on the use of aqueous chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) and cell-free aqueous extract of the N2-fixing cyanobacterium (blue-green alga) Anabaena spiroides collected from a brackish-water, Bay of Bengal at Puri, Odisha; green-synthesized AuNps could be used as antibacterials against MDR bacteria. The synthesized AuNps were subjected to the following characterizations, UV-Vis spectrophotometry, SEM-EDX, XRD and ART-FTIR analysis. An absorption peak at 538 nm by UV-Vis spectrophotometry and the FTIR analysis confirmed the presence of AuNps. A. spiroides-AuNps were monitored for antibacterial activities against MDR pathogenic bacterial strains isolated from clinical samples, namely, Klebsiella oxytoca, MRSA and Streptococcus pyogenes, in vitro; the individual antibiograms of those bacteria were known. The recorded MIC dose values were 25, 20 and 30 mg A. spiroides-AuNps (As-AuNps) against K. oxytoca, MRSA and S. pyogenes, in vitro, respectively. Thus, As-AuNps bear promises as possible antibacterials, in future.