Killer behavior within the Candida parapsilosis complex.

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Killer behavior within the Candida parapsilosis complex.

Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2014 Nov;59(6):503-6

Authors: Robledo-Leal E, Elizondo-Zertuche M, Villarreal-Treviño L, Treviño-Rangel Rde J, García-Maldonado N, Adame-Rodríguez JM, González GM

Abstract
A group of 29 isolates of Candida parapsilosis sensu stricto, 29 of Candida orthopsilosis, and 4 of Candida metapsilosis were assayed for the presence of killer activity using Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 26609 as a sensitive strain. All C. metapsilosis isolates showed killer activity at 25 °C while strains of C. parapsilosis sensu stricto or C. orthopsilosis did not exhibit this activity. Sensitivity to killer toxins was evaluated using a set of previously reported killer strains of clinical origin. Only 11 isolates of the C. parapsilosis complex were inhibited by at least one killer isolate without resulting in any clear pattern, except for C. parapsilosis sensu stricto ATCC 22019, which was inhibited by every killer strain with the exception of C. parapsilosis and Candida utilis. The lack of sensitivity to killer activity among isolates of the genus Candida suggests that their toxins belong to the same killer type. Differentiation of species within the C. parapsilosis complex using the killer system may be feasible if a more taxonomically diverse panel of killer strains is employed.

PMID: 24898174 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]