J Small Anim Pract. 2021 Feb 16. doi: 10.1111/jsap.13297. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the individual influences of antimicrobial cost, method of administration and drug importance in human medicine on dog-owner antimicrobial preference, and determine knowledge, attitudes and influencers of dog-owners surrounding antimicrobials and antimicrobial stewardship.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected through an online survey targeting three dog-owner participant groups. These consisted of individuals residing in: (1) Canada, (2) USA and (3) any country recruited through an educational social media site. USA and Canadian participants were financially compensated. Conjoint analysis was used to quantify the influence of antimicrobial cost, method of administration and drug importance in human medicine. Descriptive and analytical statistics were used for data evaluation.
RESULTS: A total of 809 surveys were completed. Antimicrobial cost accounted for 47% of dog-owner preferences, followed by method of administration (31%) and drug importance in human medicine (22%). All groups preferred lower cost drugs that were administered once by injection. Participants were more likely to prefer drugs considered "very important" in human medicine, except for the social media participants, who preferred drugs that were "not at all important." Most respondents (86%) reported antimicrobial resistance as important in human medicine and 29% believed antimicrobial use in pets posed a risk for antimicrobial resistance in humans. Participants recruited through social media, and those in the highest education category, were significantly more likely to report antimicrobial use in pets as a risk to people.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Cost was the most important factor in dog-owner antimicrobial preferences. There is a need for dog-owner antimicrobial stewardship education.