Laboratory-based evaluation of MDR strains of Pseudomonas in patients with acute burn injuries.

Laboratory-based evaluation of MDR strains of Pseudomonas in patients with acute burn injuries.

Int J Clin Exp Med. 2015;8(9):16512-16519

Authors: Zhang HT, Liu H

Abstract
Localization of burn was variable: head and face in 76 patients (29%), trunk in 58 (49%), upper limb in 37 (52%), lower limbs in 44 (41%), hands in 16 (15%), perinea area in 26 (5.5%) and whole body except perinea area in 10 (9%) patients. Inhalation syndrome was present in 56 (44%) patients. Ninety patients (82%) had indwelling venous catheters, 83 (75.5%) patients' arterial catheter and 86 (78%) patients' urinary catheters. By multivariate analysis: age ≤4 years, Garcés 4, colistin use in documented multiresistant infections, and mechanical ventilation were independent variables related with mortality and graft requirement was a protective factor for mortality. Despite advances in care, gram negative bacterial infections and infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa remain the most common cause of bacteria related mortality early in the hospital course. Viral infections are also associated with mortality and numbers have remained stable when compared to data from prior years.

PMID: 26629178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]