Liaison of Sugar Control With Time to Sputum Culture Conversion in Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis.

Liaison of Sugar Control With Time to Sputum Culture Conversion in Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis.

Cureus. 2020 Jul 26;12(7):e9395

Authors: Jafri S, Ahmed N, Saifullah N, Jawad N, Siddiqui IA

Abstract
Background Many elements have been studied repeatedly that influence time to sputum culture conversion in multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Deranged sugars not only hamper one's infection contesting ability but also increase the chances of drug resistance. Our aim was to establish whether or not glycemic control alters MDR-TB treatment outcome. Methods A prospective cohort study was conducted at the TB Clinic of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi, Pakistan. Newly diagnosed MDR-TB cases were started on WHO-recommended treatment regime. HbA1c (hemoglobin A1c or glycated hemoglobin) was tested at the start of treatment irrespective of the previous diabetic status. Sputum samples, 30 days apart, were taken during the initial phase of the MDR TB treatment until two consecutive samples showed conversion. Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated to see the link between time to sputum culture conversion and HbA1c. Results Among 47 patients, 19 (40.4%) new cases, whereas 28 (59.8%) were previously treated for drug-sensitive TB. Our 39 patients converted during six months, of which 18 (46%) converted in one month, 14 (35.9%) in two months, 6 (15.4%) in three months, and only 1 in five months. Mean time to sputum culture conversion was 1.77 ± 0.9 months. There was a slightly negative correlation between HbA1c and sputum culture conversion time (r = -0.075, p = 0.649). Conclusions Sugar control does not affect sputum culture conversion in MDR-TB when an optimal treatment regime is applied.

PMID: 32864226 [PubMed]