Lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles carrying linezolid improve treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) harbored inside bone cells and biofilms.

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Lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles carrying linezolid improve treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) harbored inside bone cells and biofilms.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2020 Apr 23;:

Authors: Guo P, Buttaro BA, Xue HY, Tran NT, Wong HL

Abstract
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most prevalent pathogen causing osteomyelitis. The tendency of MRSA to evade standard antibiotic treatment by hiding inside bone cells and biofilms is a major cause of frequent osteomyelitis recurrence. In this study, we developed a lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticle loading the antibiotic linezolid (LIN-LPN), and focused on evaluating if this new nanoantibiotic can achieve significant in vitro activities against these intracellular and biofilm-embedded MRSA. The optimal LIN-LPN formulation demonstrated both high linezolid payload (12.0% by weight of nanoparticles) and controlled release characteristics (gradually released the entrapped antibiotic in 120 h). Although it achieved lower activities against bacteria including USA300-0114, CDC-587, RP-62A in planktonic form, it was substantially superior against the intracellular MRSA reservoir inside osteoblast cells. The differences of intracellular activities between LIN-LPN and linezolid were 87.0-fold, 12.3-fold, and 12.6-fold in CFU/ml (p<0.05 or <0.01) at 2 µg/ml, 4 µg/ml, and 8 µg/ml linezolid concentrations, respectively. LIN-LPN also suppressed the MRSA biofilm growth to 35-60% of the values achieved with free linezolid (p<0.05). These enhanced intracellular and anti-biofilm activities of LIN-LPN were likely contributed by the extensive accumulation of LIN-LPN inside the MRSA-infected osteoblasts and biofilms as revealed in the confocal microscope images. The study thus validates the feasibility of exploiting the good nanoparticle-host cell and nanoparticle-biofilm interactions for improving the antibiotic drug activities against the poorly accessible bacteria, and supports LIN-LPN as a new alternative therapy for preventing the recurrence of MRSA-mediated bone infections.

PMID: 32335285 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]