Long-term safety of brodalumab in Japanese patients with plaque psoriasis: An open-label extension study.
J Dermatol. 2020 Apr 10;:
Authors: Yamaguchi Y, Takatsu N, Ootaki K, Nakagawa H
Brodalumab, an interleukin-17 receptor A inhibitor, demonstrated rapid and robust efficacy with a favorable safety profile in patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Here, we present data from a multicenter, open-label extension study in patients with plaque psoriasis with/without psoriatic arthritis who completed 64 weeks of treatment with brodalumab (140 or 210 mg, every 2 weeks [Q2W]). Patients were enrolled to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of a modified dose of brodalumab. Eligible patients were switched to a reduced dose of brodalumab (140 mg every 4 weeks on day 1) in the extension study; the dose and dosing interval were modified sequentially at the physician's discretion (minimum 140 mg every 8 weeks and maximum 210 mg Q2W) until drug approval, after which all patients were switched to 210 mg Q2W for postmarketing surveillance. Of the 129 patients enrolled, 107 (82.9%) completed the 108-week or more extension study. All patients had psoriasis that was well controlled with brodalumab treatment on day 1. Improvement in psoriasis-related symptoms, evaluated with the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index, Psoriasis Scalp Severity Index, Dermatology Life Quality Index, Nail Psoriasis Severity Index, and American College of Rheumatology 20, 50 and 70, was maintained during the 108-week extension study. Brodalumab treatment was well tolerated throughout, and no new safety signals were identified. The most commonly reported treatment-related adverse event was nasopharyngitis, followed by influenza and oral candidiasis. No cases of serious candida infection or Crohn's disease were observed in this study. Serious treatment-related adverse events, such as appendicitis, brain abscess, bacterial meningitis, colon cancer, immunoglobulin A nephropathy and tubulointerstitial nephritis, were reported in one patient each. No anti-brodalumab-binding antibodies or brodalumab-neutralizing antibodies were detected in any patient throughout the extension study. Overall, the long-term efficacy and safety of brodalumab were demonstrated over 108 weeks.
PMID: 32275086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]