Low Vancomycin trough concentration in neonates and young infants.

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Low Vancomycin trough concentration in neonates and young infants.

Pediatr Int. 2020 Sep 07;:

Authors: Maruyama H, Tanzawa A, Funaki T, Ito Y, Isayama T

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin (VCM) is useful for treating methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. In infants, calibrating the initial VCM dose is difficult, and many regimens have been proposed. For instance, our center uses the VCM regimen recommended for infants in the 2012-13 Nelson's Pediatric Antimicrobial Therapy. Nonetheless, our experience has shown that the initial VCM trough concentrations were frequently off target. We therefore analyzed the data on the initial VCM trough concentration in infantile patients at our center.
METHODS: The study subjects were inborn infants born between July 2014 and June 2019 who were given VCM at earlier than day 60 in the neonatal intensive care unit. The primary outcome was the initial VCM trough concentration. The patients were divided into three groups by VCM trough concentration: <10, 10-15, and >15 mg/L. We also estimated VCM trough concentration by one method using Monte Carlo simulation, based on Nelson regimen dosage.
RESULTS: Thirty-three patients were analyzed. The number of patients with <10, 10-15, and >15 mg/L was 24, 4, and 5, respectively. There was no significant difference in clinical characteristics between <10 vs 10-15 and 10-15 vs >15 mg/L. The number of patients with <10, 10-15, and >15 mg/L in the simulation was 26, 6, and 1, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Most initial VCM trough concentrations were below the target. And we could not find any significant clinical characteristics, which affected VCM trough concentration. Therefore, increasing the VCM dosage of Nelson regimen with simulation should be considered.

PMID: 32894884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]