Lymphocele Containing Staphylococcus lugdunensis.

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Lymphocele Containing Staphylococcus lugdunensis.

Cureus. 2020 Nov 23;12(11):e11666

Authors: Keerty D, Das M, Hembree TN, Ramsakal A, Haynes E

Abstract
Staphylococcus species are a leading cause of community-acquired bacteremia. Of them, the most serious cause of mortality is from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, with mortality rates as high as 40%. Another Staphylococcus species that has been noted to cause equal levels of infection and mortality is Staphylococcus lugdunensis (S. lugdunensis). It can cause harmless skin infections to life-threatening endocardial complications. We would like to report a rare presentation of S. lugdunensis bacteremia from a lymphocele that developed post surgery. An 80-year-old male presented to the emergency department with complaints of abdominal pain and fevers. Cultures of lymphocele fluid grew S. lugdunensis. A computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis with contrast showed the presence of a large lymphocele. S. lugdunensis is a coagulase-negative staphylococci normally known to be a skin colonizer. Over the years, it has shown to cause a wide variety of infections especially involving prosthetic joints and heart valves. S. lugdunensis has been noted to be highly susceptible to penicillins, such as oxacillin, erythromycin, linezolid and a wide a variety of other antibiotics. S. lugdunensis produces a biofilm that makes treatment challenging even with susceptible antibiotics. However, the data on S. lugdunensis is growing as more case reports are being published in regards to source and susceptibilities.

PMID: 33391904 [PubMed]