Mammary Dysbiosis and Nipple Blebs Treated With Intravenous Daptomycin and Dalbavancin.

Mammary Dysbiosis and Nipple Blebs Treated With Intravenous Daptomycin and Dalbavancin.

J Hum Lact. 2019 Jul 16;:890334419862214

Authors: Mitchell KB, Eglash A, Bamberger ET

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Mammary dysbiosis, also known as subacute mastitis, may be associated with nipple blebs. These overlapping diagnoses represent a challenging clinical scenario during lactation. Little research has been published on etiology, management strategies, and outcomes of these concurrent diagnoses.
MAIN ISSUE: We document the treatment and outcome of a patient who presented with left-breast dysbiosis and nipple blebs and whose milk culture grew multi-drug-resistant, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. She was treated safely and effectively with intravenous daptomycin and dalbavancin. This has not been described previously in the lactation literature.
MANAGEMENT: The 35-year-old lactating gravida 3, para 3 patient presented at 6 months postpartum to a breast surgery clinic with a 1-week history of worsening deep left-breast pain, blebs, and recurrent plugging. She was afebrile and she had no erythema or induration on her breast exam. A culture of her milk grew multi-drug-resistant, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and she was referred to infectious disease for assistance with intravenous antibiotic therapy. She continued to feed expressed milk throughout treatment and demonstrated complete resolution of symptoms 8 weeks later.
CONCLUSIONS: We report that in patients with a multi-drug-resistant, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-positive human milk culture and a clinical presentation of mammary dysbiosis and nipple blebs, intravenous daptomycin and dalbavancin may be an effective treatment.

PMID: 31310726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]