Management of Drug Interaction between Posaconazole and Sirolimus in Patients Who Undergo Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant.

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Management of Drug Interaction between Posaconazole and Sirolimus in Patients Who Undergo Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant.

Pharmacotherapy. 2015 Jun 3;

Authors: Cho E, Chan H, Nguyen HM, Shayani S, Nakamura R, Pon D

Abstract
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine an appropriate empiric oral sirolimus dose adjustment when given concurrently with posaconazole oral suspension in patients who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).
DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.
SETTING: Comprehensive cancer center in the United States.
SUBJECTS: Seventy five allogeneic HSCT patients who received posaconazole oral suspension and oral sirolimus concurrently between 2009 and 2011.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Sirolimus concentrations were recorded at baseline and for up to 28 days after posaconazole initiation. The sirolimus concentration/dose (C/D) ratio was determined for each sirolimus concentration obtained. Following analysis of patient data and based on the initial empiric sirolimus dose reduction, patients were stratified into two groups: ≥50% sirolimus dose reduction (Group 1) and <50% sirolimus dose reduction (Group 2). The mean sirolimus C/D ratio was 2.29 ng/mL/mg prior to posaconzole initiation. Coadministration of posaconazole and sirolimus resulted in an increase in the steady state sirolimus C/D ratio to 6.24 ng/mL/mg, which occurred approximately 17-20 days after initiation of posaconazole. The mean maximum sirolimus concentration was significantly higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (12.64 ng/mL vs. 9.24 ng/mL, p=0.001). Significantly more patients in Group 2 than Group 1 experienced at least one sirolimus concentration >15 ng/mL (27% vs. 2.6%, p=0.003).
CONCLUSION: Coadministration of posaconazole oral suspension with oral sirolimus increases the sirolimus C/D ratio by approximately 2.7-fold in HSCT patients. An initial empiric oral sirolimus dose reduction between 50% and 65% may be recommended for most clinically stable patients with close sirolimus concentration monitoring for at least 3 weeks following posaconazole initiation.

PMID: 26037821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]