Management of Infectious Emergencies for the Inpatient Dermatologist

Curr Dermatol Rep. 2021 Oct 6:1-11. doi: 10.1007/s13671-021-00334-5. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are various dermatologic emergencies stemming from bacterial, viral, and fungal etiologies that can present in the inpatient setting. This review summarizes the pathogenesis and diagnosis of infections with cutaneous involvement and highlights new therapies.

RECENT FINDINGS: Clindamycin inhibits toxin formation and can be used as an adjunct therapy for the staphylococcal scalded syndrome. Isavuconazole therapy for mucormycosis infection is a less toxic alternative to amphotericin B.

SUMMARY: Diagnosis of these infections is primarily guided by high clinical suspicion and early recognition can prevent dangerous sequelae. Treatment mainstays have been well-established, but there are adjunctive therapies that may potentially benefit the patient.

PMID:34642610 | PMC:PMC8493951 | DOI:10.1007/s13671-021-00334-5