Indian J Med Microbiol. 2021 Apr 20:S0255-0857(21)00057-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmmb.2021.04.002. Online ahead of print.
Serious infections caused by MBLs with or without OXA-48-like expressing Enterobacterales remain challenging to treat. Since aztreonam is stable to MBLs, it can be combined with ceftazidime/avibactam to protect against concurrently expressed ESBLs and class C β-lactamases in MBL pathogens. However, in the light of dose-limiting hepatotoxicity of aztreonam, short half life of avibactam, significant protein binding of aztreonam, appropriate dosing and method of administration to optimize PK/PD and toxicodynamics for this combination is being debated. Based on in-vitro PK/PD studies, simultaneous administration of 6/1.5 g of ceftazidime/avibactam and 8 g of aztreonam per day has been recently suggested.