Manuscript for International Journal of Pharmaceutics Enhanced eradication of intracellular and biofilm-residing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) reservoirs with hybrid nanoparticles delivering rifampicin.
Int J Pharm. 2020 Aug 30;:119784
Authors: Guo P, Yi Xue H, Buttaro BA, Tran NT, Lun Wong H
Osteomyelitis carries a high risk of recurrence even after extended, aggressive antibiotic therapy. One of the key challenges is to eradicate the reservoirs of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) inside the host bone cells and their biofilms. Our goal is to develop rifampicin loaded lipid-polymer hybrid nanocarriers (Rf-LPN) and evaluate if they can achieve enhanced rifampicin delivery to eradicate these intracellular and biofilm-residing MRSA. After optimization of the composition, Rf-LPN demonstrated size around 110 nm in diameter that remained stable in serum-supplemented medium, drug payload up to 11.7% and sustained rifampicin release for 2 weeks. When comparing Rf-LPN with free rifampicin, moderate but significant (p<0.05) improvement of the activities against three osteomyelitis-causing bacteria (USA300-0114, CDC-587, RP-62A) in planktonic form were observed. In comparison, the enhancements in the activities against the biofilms and intracellular MRSA by Rf-LPN were even more substantial. The MBEC50 values against USA300-0114, CDC-587, and RP-62A were 42 vs 155, 70 vs 388, and 265 ng/ml vs over 400 ng/ml, respectively, and up to 18.5-fold reduction in the intracellular MRSA counts in osteoblasts was obtained. Confocal microscope images confirmed extensive accumulation of Rf-LPN inside the biofilm matrix and MRSA-infected osteoblasts. Overall, in this proof-of-concept study we have developed and validated the strategy to exploit the nanoparticle-cell and nanoparticle-biofilm interactions with a new rifampicin nanoformulation for prevention of osteomyelitis recurrence and chronicity caused by the elusive MRSA.
PMID: 32877731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]