Adv Healthc Mater. 2021 Sep 22:e2101698. doi: 10.1002/adhm.202101698. Online ahead of print.
Bacterial infections have become major threats to public health all over the world. With the emergence of antibiotic resistance, it is urgent to develop novel antimicrobial materials to efficiently overcome drug resistance with high bactericidal activity. In this work, UiO-66-NH-CO-MoS2 nanocomposites (UNMS NCs) are constructed through the amidation reaction. The UNMS NCs are positively charged which is beneficial for capturing and restricting bacteria. Significantly, UNMS NCs possess a synergistic bactericidal efficiency based on near-infrared irradiation (808 nm) regulated combination of photothermal, photodynamic, and peroxidase-like enzymatic activities. Both the photodynamic property and nanozymatic activity of UNMS NCs can lead to the generation of reactive oxygen species. The UNMS NCs show high catalytic activity in a wide pH range and exhibit excellent antibacterial ability against ampicillin-resistant Escherichia coli and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with negligible cytotoxicity. Interestingly, due to the 808 nm irradiation-induced hyperthermia in the presence of UNMS NCs, the glutathione oxidation process can be accelerated, resulting in bacterial death more easily. Mice wound models are established to further manifest that UNMS NCs can promote wound healing with good biosafety in living systems.