Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty.

J Med Microbiol. 2020 Apr;69(4):600-604

Authors: Schweitzer D, Klaber I, García P, López F, Lira MJ, Botello E

Abstract
Introduction. Nasal and skin colonization by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are linked to a higher incidence of infection after total joint replacement. The prevalence of colonization is poorly defined in Latin American countries.Aim. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of MRSA colonization in the nostrils and groin using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA).Methodology. In this cross-sectional study, 146 patients undergoing THA between December 2015 and March 2017 in a tertiary-care university-affiliated hospital in Chile were screened for MRSA colonization before the procedure using RT-PCR independently in the nostrils and groin. Risk factors for colonization were documented.Results. Seven of the 146 (5 %) patients undergoing THA were carriers of MRSA in the nostrils and/or the groin. Recent antibiotic use was identified as a risk factor for colonization, OR=4.86 [95 % confidence interval (CI): 1.56-13.96]. Patients reporting at least one of the seven surveyed risk factors had an OR of 2.39 (95 % CI: 0.37-25.77) for colonization. MRSA colonization frequency was twofold higher in the groin as opposed to the nostrils (P=0.014).Conclusion. Five percent of the patients undergoing THA were identified as carriers of MRSA. Recent antibiotic use is a relevant risk factor for MRSA colonization in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty.

PMID: 32427561 [PubMed - in process]