[Microflora of surgical wounds and fistulas in patients with chronic osteomyelitis of the tibia before reconstructive treatment, in case of recurrence of infection.]

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[Microflora of surgical wounds and fistulas in patients with chronic osteomyelitis of the tibia before reconstructive treatment, in case of recurrence of infection.]

Klin Lab Diagn. 2019;64(10):627-631

Authors: Burnashov SI, Shipitsyna IV, Osipova EV

Abstract
Relevance of microbiological monitoring in chronic osteomyelitis of the tibia developed during treatment of fractures with a plate is associated with a noticeable increase of various kinds of the microflora. A microbiological study was conducted of pathological material taken from wounds, fistulas and from the focus of inflammation in 49 patients with chronic tibial osteomyelitis, developed during treatment of fractures with a plate. The patients underwent sequestrectomy of the tibia and subsequent application of bilocal consecutive compression-distraction osteosynthesis or monolocal compression osteosynthesis. Microbiological study of smears taken before the reconstructive treatment from fistulas and wounds of patients showed that in monoculture there were 30 strains, the remaining 30 - as a part of 14 two - and three-component associations. The frequency of S. aureus strains was 55.3%, followed by coagulase-negative staphylococcus - 13.6% and representatives of the family Enterobacteriacae - 10.2%. There were methicillin-resistant strains of S. aureus in 11.8%, strains of coagulase-negative staphylococcus (MRCoNS) - 6.8%. Recurrence of the disease was observed in 7 patients. The microflora of the discharge from the fistula was represented by monocultures of S. aureus and associations of bacteria in which one of the components was methicillin-resistant strains of S. aureus. We observed differences in the contents of the microflora before reconstructive treatment of patients and in recurrence of infection. In case of recurrence of infection, the qualitative contents of the microflora changed: in 2 patients in the association of microorganisms and in 3 - in monocultures, S. aureus strains acquired resistance to ß-lactam antibiotics, new associations appeared, which were not present in primary cultures before reconstructive treatment. The study showed that the spectrum of micro-organisms in chronic osteomyelitis of the tibia, developed after osteosynthesis with a plate, varied and is subject to change and that dictates the need for microbiological monitoring to detect the etiological structure of pathogens, monitoring of antibiotic resistance of the isolated strains and rational approach to treatment of patients.

PMID: 31742957 [PubMed - in process]