Vet Microbiol. 2021 Jun 18;259:109160. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2021.109160. Online ahead of print.
High-level mupirocin resistance (HLMR) is determined by the plasmid-located ileS2 gene flanked by two copies of the insertion sequence 257 (IS257). The molecular epidemiology of high-level mupirocin-resistant isolates could be assessed by the determination of their IS257-ileS2 spacer regions conformation. In this study, 188 isolates of methicillin-resistant staphylococci were subjected to the detection of HLMR, and analysis of the conformation of the IS257-ileS2 spacer regions. Mupirocin resistance was detected in five (2,6%) isolates, among which two were recognized as Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, two as Staphylococcus haemolyticus, and one as Staphylococcus aureus. High-level mupirocin resistance was revealed by the agar disk diffusion method, and MIC values, and was confirmed by the detection of the ileS2 gene. The conformations of the IS257-ileS2 spacer regions were homologous in two S. haemolyticus strains tested. The remaining three isolates showed diverse IS257-ileS2 conformations. The results of this study indicate that HLMR occasionally occurs in staphylococci isolated from companion animals. The heterogeneity and the homogeneity of the IS257-ileS2 spacer regions confirm that the ileS2 gene spread among staphylococci of animal origin by the transfer of different as well as the same plasmids. Surveillance of the occurrence of mupirocin resistance and molecular characterization of resistant isolates are strongly recommended due to the possibility of plasmid-located resistance gene transfer between staphylococci.