Molecular Diversity and Genetic Relatedness of Candida albicans Isolates from Birds in Hungary.

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Molecular Diversity and Genetic Relatedness of Candida albicans Isolates from Birds in Hungary.

Mycopathologia. 2021 Jan 29;:

Authors: Domán M, Makrai L, Lengyel G, Kovács R, Majoros L, Bányai K

Abstract
The molecular epidemiology of Candida albicans infections in animals has been rarely studied. In this study, multilocus sequence typing was used to characterise the genetic diversity and population structure of 24 avian origin C. albicans isolates collected from different birds with candidiasis and compared to human isolates. Fourteen diploid sequence types (DSTs) including six new DSTs were determined. Cluster analysis revealed that isolates grouped into 8 clades. Bird isolates mainly belonged to minor clades and Clade 15 with DST 172 was the most common (11 isolates; 45.8%). The remaining isolates were clustered into Clade 7 (5 isolates; 20.8%), Clade 10 (4 isolates; 16.6%), Clade 8 (2 isolates; 8.3%), Clade 4 (1 isolate; 4.2%) and Clade 16 (1 isolate; 4.2%). Unweighted pair group method with arithmetic averages (UPGMA) and eBURST analyses showed that the genetic construction of avian origin C. albicans population is fairly diverse. Although species-specific lineages were not found, some degree of separation in the evolution of bird and human strains could be observed.

PMID: 33512664 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]