Molecular epidemiology and resistance patterns of blaOXA-48Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli: A nationwide multicenter study in Taiwan.

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Molecular epidemiology and resistance patterns of blaOXA-48Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli: A nationwide multicenter study in Taiwan.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2020 Apr 22;:

Authors: Wang CH, Ma L, Huang LY, Yeh KM, Lin JC, Siu LK, Chang FY

Abstract
BACKGROUND: We describe the molecular epidemiology and resistance patterns of blaOXA-48Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli in Taiwan.
METHODS: In this multicenter surveillance study from January 2012 to August 2015, the identified blaOXA-48Enterobacteriaceae isolates were subjected to antibiotics susceptibility testing. PCR method was used for detecting concomitant other beta-lactamases. Outer membrane porins were analyzed. Genetic relatedness and molecular epidemiology of the isolates were determined through pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Plasmid incompatibility was determined using PCR-based replicon typing.
RESULTS: Forty-three blaOXA-48K. pneumoniae and two E. coli isolates were analyzed. The annual incidence of blaOXA-48K. pneumoniae isolates from 2012 to 2015 were 0%, 1.1%, 2.4%, and 7.6%, respectively. Forty-three (95.5%) of 45 isolates were non-susceptible to broad-spectrum beta-lactams (ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefepime, piperacillin/tazobactam), Forty-two (93.3%) of the 45 isolates showed resistance against all tested carbapenems (imipenem, meropenem, doripenem, and ertapenem). Molecular characterization revealed that they co-produced at least one extended-spectrum beta-lactamases or AmpC beta-lactamases, with at least one outer membrane porin loss. Thirty-eight (88.3%) of the 43 K. pneumoniae isolates belonged to ST11. PFGE analysis of 43 K. pneumoniae isolates revealed dissemination of multiple clones. Six of the 12 tested K. pneumoniae representatives of different pulso-types belonged to IncA/C.
CONCLUSION: Concomitant loss of porins and production of other beta-lactamases renders the blaOXA-48-producing isolates in Taiwan a high-level carbapenem resistance and broad resistance against many beta-lactam antibiotics. Following dissemination of multiple clones of blaOXA-48 K pneumoniae ST 11, a trend of increased blaOXA-48 prevalence was noted.

PMID: 32362456 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]