Molecular epidemiology and virulence factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with bacteremia.

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Molecular epidemiology and virulence factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with bacteremia.

J Clin Lab Anal. 2019 Nov 13;:e23077

Authors: Kim HJ, Choi Q, Kwon GC, Koo SH

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The various virulence factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (MRSAB) are associated with a high mortality rate worldwide. Further studies are warranted to confirm the significant relationship between the strains and virulence genes. Here, we prospectively investigated the molecular characteristics underlying the genotypes and virulence factors of MRSA isolated from patients with bacteremia.
METHODS: We collected 59 MRSA isolates from adult patients with bacteremia. Antimicrobial susceptibility results were obtained with the Vitek2 automated system. Genotypes were identified with multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) and pulse-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and 21 virulence genes were detected with polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
RESULTS: The 59 MRSA isolates mainly comprised ST5 (n = 31, 52.5%) and ST72 (n = 22, 37.2%). Most ST5 isolates and all ST72 isolates were clustered into one and two PFGE groups, respectively. The mean number of virulence genes was higher in ST5 than in ST72. Sel was more frequently detected in ST5 than in ST72, whereas sec and sed were found only in ST5. ST5 had significantly higher resistance against many antibiotics than ST72.
CONCLUSION: Most MRSA isolates causing bacteremia were ST5 (CC5) and ST72 (CC8), and those belonging to the same STs were divided into only a few PFGE groups. ST5 was associated with higher antibiotic resistance and staphylococcal superantigen toxin genes, than ST72, which may be related to its higher virulence.

PMID: 31721291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]