J Environ Public Health. 2021 Mar 5;2021:6643108. doi: 10.1155/2021/6643108. eCollection 2021.
BACKGROUND: The clonal repertoire of community-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) strains appear to differ between hospitals and geographic locations. We aimed to study the molecular epidemiology of MRSA infections in our regional hospital in Israel.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis of MRSA isolates from hospitalized patients, which underwent spa typing between 2012 and 2019. Mainly, MRSA-bloodstream isolates were typed. Isolates were grouped into healthcare-associated (HcA) or community-associated (CA). HcA were further divided into hospital-related or long-term care facility- (LTCF-) related. Several representatives underwent SCCmec typing.
RESULTS: We analyzed 166 clinical MRSA isolates: 115 (70%) bloodstream, 42 (25%) wounds/abscesses, and 9 (5%) screening isolates. 145 (87%) were HcA, and 21 (13%) were CA. Common (72%) spa types were t002, t032, t008, t001, and t065. Eighty (55%) isolates were attributed to LTCFs and 65 isolates to our hospital, both showing similar spa types distribution. The most prevalent spa type among patients with HcA infection was t002 (50 isolates, 32%), followed by t032, t065, t578, t008, and t001. Most (88/115, 77%) bloodstream infections (BSIs) were HcA, typically occurring in the same facility in which the infection was acquired. In 27 cases (23%), the BSI developed in the community setting, and in half of these cases, a previous healthcare system exposure was evident.
CONCLUSIONS: The MRSA clonal population in this longitudinal study was stable and consisted mainly of molecular lineages widespread in Europe. SCCmec-IV strains play a major role in causing MRSA infections in the healthcare settings, especially in LTCFs. Community-acquired MRSA BSIs without any previous healthcare exposure are still relatively rare.