Molecular Methods for the Diagnosis of Invasive Candidiasis.

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Molecular Methods for the Diagnosis of Invasive Candidiasis.

J Fungi (Basel). 2020 Jul 06;6(3):

Authors: Camp I, Spettel K, Willinger B

Abstract
Invasive infections caused by members of the genus Candida are on the rise. Especially patients in intensive care units, immunocompromised patients, and those recovering from abdominal surgery are at risk for the development of candidemia or deep-seated candidiasis. Rapid initiation of appropriate antifungal therapy can increase survival rates significantly. In the past, most of these infections were caused by C. albicans, a species that typically is very susceptible to antifungals. However, in recent years a shift towards infections caused by non-albicans species displaying various susceptibly patterns has been observed and the prompt diagnosis of the underlying species has become an essential factor determining the therapeutic outcome. The gold standard for diagnosing invasive candidiasis is blood culture, even though its sensitivity is low and the time required for species identification usually exceeds 48 h. To overcome these issues, blood culture can be combined with other methods, and a large number of tests have been developed for this purpose. The aim of this review was to give an overview on strengths and limitations of currently available molecular methods for the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis.

PMID: 32640656 [PubMed]