Biomaterials. 2021 Mar 2;271:120725. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2021.120725. Online ahead of print.
Theranostic agents based on photo-dynamic therapy exhibited the properties of the noninvasive feature, spatial-temporal control and be free of drug resistance. Herein, based on the principle of "More is Less", a multifunctional nanoprobe for selective lighting-up of fungi and targeted anti-microbes was designed and achieved. The introducing of the hydroxyl groups and alkaline diethylamino moiety facilitate the probe with well aggregation-induced emission feature, good selectivity towards fungi and acid responsiveness. This probe could only light-up fungi with bright fluorescence, and exhibited diversity anti-microbe behavior towards different microbes. Moreover, the in vitro and in vivo eradication of the supergerm of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus was achieved by the treatment of the probe. Confidently, this well-designed nanoprobe is anticipated to have great potential in infective theranostic applications in clinic.