MRSA among animals: current overview.
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2016 Nov 13;:
Authors: Aires-de-Sousa M
Currently, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a universal threat. After being well established in the healthcare setting, it has emerged in the community among people with no risk factors for MRSA acquisition, therefore imposing a new threat. The subsequent detection of MRSA colonizing or infecting animals as well as in food of animal origin was of major concern, revealing new reservoirs for MRSA. The major MRSA clonal lineages circulating in the different settings, i.e. in hospitals, in the community and among animals are described here, differentiating between clones colonizing companion and food-chain animals. A particular attention is given to the widely spread livestock-associated MRSA clonal complex (CC) 398, which is mainly associated to professional exposure but may be of high pathogenicity. The recent detection of a mecA homolog, designated mecC, with a wide geographical distribution in Europe, and including a large diversity of hosts (food-chain, companion and wildlife animals and also detected in water samples) adds to the threat. Domestication as well as globalization of the livestock industry have intensified exchanges between human and animal bacteria. We report here several cases of transmission of MRSA between companion or food-chain animals and humans, as well as some MRSA clones of human origin that have adapted to new animal hosts eventually by loosing useless virulence factors or acquiring new mobile genetic elements.
PMID: 27851997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]