Mucormycosis treatment: Recommendations, latest advances, and perspectives.

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Mucormycosis treatment: Recommendations, latest advances, and perspectives.

J Mycol Med. 2020 Jun 20;:101007

Authors: Brunet K, Rammaert B

Abstract
Mucormycosis are life-threatening fungal infections especially affecting immunocompromised or diabetic patients. Despite treatment, mortality remains high (from 32 to 70% according to organ involvement). This review provides an update on mucormycosis management. The latest recommendations strongly recommend as first-line therapy the use of liposomal amphotericin B (≥5mg/kg) combined with surgery whenever possible. Isavuconazole and intravenous or delayed-release tablet forms of posaconazole have remained second-line. Many molecules are currently in development to fight against invasive fungal diseases but few have demonstrated efficacy against Mucorales. Despite in vitro efficacy, combinations of treatment have failed to demonstrate superiority versus monotherapy. Adjuvant therapies are particularly complex to evaluate without prospective randomized controlled studies, which are complex to perform due to low incidence rate and high mortality of mucormycosis. Perspectives are nonetheless encouraging. New approaches assessing relationships between host, fungi, and antifungal drugs, and new routes of administration such as aerosols could improve mucormycosis treatment.

PMID: 32718789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]