Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in North-West of Iran and Republic of Azerbaijan: A Major Public Health Concern for Iranian People.

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Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in North-West of Iran and Republic of Azerbaijan: A Major Public Health Concern for Iranian People.

J Res Health Sci. 2015;15(2):101-103

Authors: Rashedi J, Mahdavi Poor B, Rafi A, Asgharzadeh M, Abdolalizadeh J, Moaddab SR

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Republic of Azerbaijan is considered as an area with high prevalence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. Uncontrolled travelling of Azerbaijanis people to Iran is the issue that needs to be considered as an important issue.
METHODS: This study was conducted on 32 patients with tuberculosis from Baku-Nakhchivan and 48 patients from Iran during 2012 to 2014. Colonies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were examined after isolating them from patients using proportional method on Lowenstein-Jensen media regarding resistance encounter with Rifampin, Isoniazid and Ethambutol.
RESULTS: Among M. tuberculosis isolates belonging to 32 foreign patients; 69%, 72% and 56% of them were resistant to Rifampin, Isoniazid and Ethambutol, respectively (multidrug resistance tuberculosis: MDR-TB: 62.5%). From 48 isolates of Iranian patients; 8%, 4% and 4% were resistant to Rifampin, Isoniazid and Ethambutol, respectively (MDR-TB: 2.1%).
CONCLUSIONS: Resistant strains are common in Baku-Nakhchivan's people. To prevent the transmission of these strains to Iranians, strategies such as; establishing a medical campus in border lines of both countries for clinical examinations and conducting screening tests regarding tuberculosis infection in applicants for entering Iran must be taken in to account.

PMID: 26175292 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]